The Constitution Day of the Republic of Kazakhstan is marked on August 30. The Constitution of Kazakhstan was adopted during the national referendum. It happened on Aug. 30, 1995. Amendments to the Constitution of Kazakhstan were introduced in 1998 and 2007.
The Constitution of Kazakhstan approved the desire of the people for the development of a democratic, secular and lawful state with high social values.
According to the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, the Constitution is the basis of freedom in the country, since it establishes the will of the people and the rights of the citizen at the legislative level.
In accordance with the amendments introduced in the Constitution in 2007, Kazakhstan is a unitary presidential-parliamentary state.
Constitution Day in Kazakhstan is usually celebrated at the highest state level. There are entertainment events, concerts, etc. The main official events are organized in Astana and Almaty.
The Independence Day of Republic of Moldova is celebrated on Aug. 27, 1991. On this day, the Moldovan parliament voted to adopt the Moldovan Declaration of Independence. Moldova became independent from the USSR after the Baltic states, Georgia, Ukraine and Armenia.
Moldova was recognized by other states internationally in December 1991. The reason for this was the collapse of the Soviet Union and the signing of the Belovezha Accords. The U.S. was among the first countries to recognize Moldova’s independence.
Eventually, Moldova became part of the new interstate association: the CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States). In 1992, Moldova became a member of the UN and the OSCE. Then, it was admitted to the Council of Europe, the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, and the World Trade Organization.
Independence Day in Moldova has been always celebrated solemnly. A festive prayer in the church occurs annually. This day also honours those who became victims of the Transnistrian War. Traditionally, rallies and parades take place on the central squares of cities.
The Orthodox Church celebrates the feast of Dormition of the Mother of God on August 28.
The Catholic church celebrates this feast on August 15. The Catholic Church says that the Virgin Mary’s body and soul were assumed into the heaven before her death.
The Blog Day is an unnoficial holiday celebrated on August 31. It was first marked in 2005. The bloggers saw that 3108 can be read as the word Blog. Thus, the date of the holiday was established.
The International Lefthanders Day is celebrated on August 13. Lefthanders sometimes feel uncomfortable, using such familiar to the right-handed things as a computer mouse, a door lock, etc. In Soviet schools, it was customary to consider lefthanders as “irregular” children, so they were forcibly taught to write and draw with their right hand. But the international community recognized the lefthanders as individuals with distinctive talents long time ago.
The holiday was first celebrated in 1992. The main purpose of the event is to draw general attention to the problem of inadequate production of goods that would be convenient for people who do almost everything with their left hand.
In addition, the organization still defends the interests of the lefthanders. Many countries, as before, try to re-teach the lefthanders, which adversely affects the human psyche.
According to statistics, almost 10 percent of the total population of the planet should mark this holiday.
The International Youth Day is celebrated on August 12. This holiday was initiated by the UN General Assembly in 1999. The initiators of the holiday were the participants of the World Conference of Ministers Responsible for Youth. This conference was held in August 1998 in Lisbon. And in 2000, the holiday was celebrated by the world community for the first time.
The appearance of the International Youth Day is related to the intention of the ministers for youth to conduct a series of outreach events aimed at popularizing the previously approved youth program of the United Nations. Its implementation began in 1995.
Today, young people are the backbone of society, with almost 3 billion people under the age of 25 living on the planet. According to the UN, almost half of them live below the poverty line. The international community is struggling to create conditions for the development and personal formation of youth representatives who are now experiencing great difficulty in employment, housing and other social issues.
The International Youth Day is a joint celebration of many nations. But practically every country has its own day devoted to youth.
August 9 is the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples. It is celebrated since Dec. 23, 1994. The observation was found by the UN General Assembly.
This holiday was established to pay tribute to all the original cultures of the world and to thank representatives of all nations for their contribution to the development of mankind.
This holiday is a reminder of the difficulties that the representatives of different nations can face in the modern world. This is mass poverty, racial discrimination, and deprivation of basic human rights.
This holiday made the international community began to pay more attention to the problems of indigenous peoples. In addition, many countries sometimes celebrate the year of the indigenous peoples of the world.
August 8 marks the Signal Troops Day in Ukraine. This celebration is observed annually since 2000, and was established by the corresponding presidential decree.
The training of the first signal servicemen in Ukraine began on August 8, 1920.
The share of representatives of this profession in the general army is growing rapidly now. During the World War II, almost a tenth of the soldiers served as signalmen. This holiday is celebrated by about 12 percent of personnel of the modern army.
Ukraine has established its main communications office, which is engaged in the formation of Ukrainian signal troops. This is a celebration of the military personnel who work on the establishment of a reliable system of control of the Armed Forces both during the war and in peacetime.
On August 6, many countries celebrate the International Day Doctors of the World for Peace. The celebration was established by the organization International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW).
The symbolic nature of this event is to remind all humanity about the need to prevent wars. It has been celebratied for more than 60 years. A minute of silence takes place in the city of Hiroshima at 08.15 am.
Everybody knows about the tragedy of August 6, 1945 in Japan. The peaceful city of Hiroshima was hit by the explosion of a nuclear bomb dropped by American troops during the World War II. Hiroshima literally turned into a ashes.
The organization International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) was established after the separation of a group of members of the Doctors Without Borders. IPPNW operates in 12 countries, including those states that are the largest and the most significant in the political and economic sense.
Archeology is considered an applied science that studies traditions and roots, the foundations of crafts, housing and culture. That is, everything that represents a civilization. Thanks to archaeologists, we have the opportunity to study material sources, revealing new knowledge of the past in the modern world.
Latvian Freedom Fighters’ Remembrance Dayis observed annually on Aug. 11. This official memorial day was introduced in 1995 and is associated with the struggle of Latvia for its independence in the early twentieth century.
The last day of August is the Aviation Day of Ukraine. This is a professional holiday for all Ukrainian aviators who perform military or civil service. For the first time, this holiday was celebrated in 1993 after the release of the relevant presidential decree of Aug. 16.
Ukraine has a fully functioning aviation cycle. The country has established a system of state regulation of aviation, prepares aviation personnel, operates companies to manufacture aircraft. In addition, Ukraine has a well-developed network of airports, thanks to which the air traffic covers 730 thousand square kilometers.
The Ukrainian Naval Forces include naval aviation brigade and a naval helicopter squadron. The training of future aviators is carried out by specialists from several educational institutions. In particular, it is the National Aviation University, the State Flight Academy of Ukraine, the National Aerospace University and the International Aviation Training Centre. Staff and cadets of these universities also celebrate the Aviation Day.
On Aug. 24, Ukraine celebrates the Independence Day. This holiday shows the spirit of patriotism and pride for a nation that, after serious trials, has created its independent state. Gradually, Ukraine became a part of the European community and an equal member of international organizations.
It is believed that the history of Ukraine started from the time of the Kyivan Rus state, founded in the ninth century. For several centuries, the Kyivan Rus was a powerful state, but eventually it split into different principalities.
The next stage of the formation of Ukraine was the formation of the Cossack-Hetman state, which lasted just over a century. After that, the Ukrainian state was silent until the 20th century. Only the national movement of 1917, which was intensified during the October Revolution, led to the creation of the Ukrainian People’s Republic and the West Ukrainian People’s Republic.
The people of Ukraine traveled a long way to their own independence also through the Soviet period. After a brief Ukrainian-Bolshevik war, in which Ukrainian People’s Republic was occupied by Germany, in March 1919, the All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets, which adopted the constitution of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, took place. As a result, Ukraine was once again under the control of Muscovy.
True independence Ukraine received on Aug. 24, 1991, after the dissolution of the USSR.
On Aug. 23 Ukraine marks the National Flag Day. National Flag Day was established after the signing of a presidential decree on August 23, 2004. At that time, Leonid Kuchma was Ukraine’s president. Until 2004, the day of the Ukrainian flag was celebrated only in Kyiv as a municipal holiday.
Ukraine’s flag is described in Ukraine’s Constitution. It consists of two equally-sized horizontal bands of blue and yellow. The ratio of the width of the banner to its length is 2:3. The colors represent Ukraine’s golden fields of wheat and blue skies, mountains, and streams.
For the first time in the modern history, the flag was raised above the Verkhovna Rada building on August 24, 1991 on the day that Ukraine’s Declaration of Independence was adopted.
In the modern history, for the first time, such a flag was raised above the building of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on August 24, 1991. It was on this day that an act on the independence of the country was proclaimed.
The history of the blue-and-yellow flag is very old. Since the time of the baptism of Rus, these colors have always been present on the flags of the Ukrainian state of different centuries. In about the same version, as we see it now, the Ukrainian flag was raised in Lviv in June 1848. In 1917-1919, even the Bolsheviks used the blue-yellow flag in Ukraine.
The Day of Air Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine is celebrated annually on Aug. 5. The celebration was established by the Presidential decree on June 27, 2007, taking into account the importance of the Air Force in ensuring the defense capability of Ukraine.
It is believed that St. Mary Magdalene helps the hairdressers and pharmacists. She is also prayed upon to get rid of bad habits.
The Great Apostle to the Apostles, Patron Saint Mary Magdalene, famous in the Church for her fiery and selfless love for the Lord Jesus Christ, was from the town of Magdala in the Galilee region of Palestine.
On Aug. 20, Estonia celebrates the restoration of its independence. The reason for this was the dramatic events in Aug. 1991, when a coup was attempted in the Soviet Union, which led to the restoration of independence of the three Baltic States: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Collection and delivery of cash, including currency and a number of other various valuables in the operating cash desk of the banks, are carried out by cash-in-transit couriers. It is a dangerous job that requires maximum concentration, the ability to control situation in critical moments and good physical training.
For the first time, the collection service at the State Bank of the Soviet Union was created on Aug. 1, 1939. This professional holiday is celebrated by all the employees of these services who in one way or another have commited their lives to this serious profession.
Belgian National Day is the national holiday of Belgium. It is celebrated annually on July 21.
It commemorates an event on 21 July 1831, when Leopold of Saxe-Cobourg swore allegiance to the new Belgian constitution, thus becoming the nation’s first monarch. Earlier, elections to the National Congress took place in Nov. 1830. The Congress adopted the Declaration on the independence of Belgium and the national constitution. As a result, Belgium became a constitutional monarchy.
National Moon Day is observed annually on July 20. It commemorates the day man first walked on the Moon.
On July 20, 1969, Apollo 11 landed the first humans, Americans Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, on the Moon. Six hours after landing, Armstrong stepped onto the lunar surface. He spent two and a half hours there, and was followed by Buzz Aldrin. Together, they collected 47.5 pounds of lunar material to bring back to Earth. Michael Collins, who piloted the command module Columbia, remained alone in orbit until Armstrong and Aldrin returned.
On July 17, 2014, Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur was shot down while flying over the eastern Ukraine. All 283 passengers and 15 crew members were killed. The shoot-down occurred during the War in Donbas in an area, controlled by the Russian hybrid forces.
Nelson Mandela Day is an annual international day in honour of Nelson Mandela, celebrated each year on July 18. The day was officially declared by the United Nations in Nov. 2009, with the first UN Mandela Day observed on July 18, 2010.
There are many operations on the account of Ukrainian peacekeepers, including those in the countries of Europe, Central Asia, Africa, Transcaucasia, and many others, where bullets fly and shells explode.
More than 34,000 Ukrainian peacekeepers have participated in over 20 operations, bringing peace to war-torn regions.
On July 10, 1973, the Bahamas was officially declared an independent nation. This happened when documents related to legal formalities were handed over to Prime Minister Lynden Pinling by Prince Charles.
The Bahamas joined the Commonwealth of Nations on July 10, 1973.
Bahameese State Symbols are Yellow Elder (national flower), Lignum Vitae (national tree), flamingo (national bird), and blue marlin (national fish).
On July 12, Orthodox Christians from all over the world celebrate the Feast of Peter and Paul.
Peter and Paul are specially honored by Orthodox Church. The Apostle Peter is a native of the city of Bethsaida; he, together with his brother, Andrew the Apostle, lived in Capernaum, and was a fisherman. The name Peter was givent to him by Jesus himself Jesus, his birth name is Simon.
Peter is considered to be the most courageous preacher of the Gospel. Only during the Pentecost he managed to convert 8,000 people to his faith.
The Apostle Paul’s birth name was Saul. But after appealing to Jesus he became known as Paul. He was born in Tarsus.
Both saints were killed during Emperor Nero’s reign. It is this holiday that is considered a memorial day by Orthodox Christians.
International Chocolate Day, also known as World Chocolate day, is celebrated on July 11. This observance was introduced in France and later it started attracting attention around the globe. Nowadays, many other chocolate day celebrations exist, for example, National Chocolate Day in the US on Oct. 28.
Celebration of the day includes consumption of chocolate. This celebration is not widely known in Ukraine but it gradually finds its supporters.
The Argentine Independence Day is celebrated annually on July 9.
Independence Day is considered the birth of the Republic of Argentina. When Napoleon removed King of Spain, the Buenos Aires Council created the Provisional Government Chunte La Plata. The Declaration of Independence, which laid the foundation for the development of Argentina, was adopted on July 9, 1816. The Declaration claimed that Spanish America recovered its sovereignty from the Crown of Castile in 1808, when Ferdinand VII had been deposed, and therefore, any union between the overseas dominions of Spain and the Peninsula had been dissolved.
The House of Tucumán, where the declaration was adopted, has been rebuilt and is now a museum and monument.
The Constitution Day of Ukraine is celebrated annually on June 28 and is an official public holiday. The adoption of this document in 1996 marked the beginning of the establishment and development of a new democratic and independent country.
Maybe this holiday is a regular one for some people, but, for every conscious citizen, the day of the Constitution of Ukraine is more than just a red day of the calendar, an event from which, in fact, the existence of the state as such begins.
It hardly needs recalling what independence of the state means for Ukrainian nation, a recognized member of the world community and a full member of international relations. Ukrainian people has been seeking for this for many hundreds of years, and today, they are finally lucky to reap the fruits of centuries-old efforts, which is why the day of the Constitution of Ukraine has a special historical and honorable value.
The Constitution Day is solemnly celebrated throughout the world, starting from Japan and Norway, where massive folk festivals, accompanied by parades and the opening of the doors of parliament for everyone are held on this day, and ending with Gibraltar and the small island of Niue.
In 2009, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, on the instructions of the President, approved a plan of measures to celebrate the Constitution Day of Ukraine. Among the latter are the laying of flowers at the foot of monuments to the state figures of Ukraine, the organization of conferences, official meetings and roundtables, the purpose of which is to discuss the Constitution, holding festive events at the educational, cultural institutions, and at the Ukrainian diplomatic representations.
Starting from the Constitution of Pylyp Orlyk in 1710, which, however, did not come into force until the end of a sleepless night from 27 to 28 June 1996, when the Constitution was finally adopted, this was the difficult path of this great document. But the result is worthy: the Constitution of Ukraine is recognized as one of the most perfect and democratic constitutions around the world.
The Constitution Day of Ukraine is a Ukrainian public holiday.
It is celebrated annually on June 28 in honor of the adoption of the Constitution of Ukraine on the same day in 1996.
The Constitution Day of Ukraine is the only public holiday enshrined in the Constitution itself.
The Youth Day in Ukraine and Belarus is celebrated on the last Sunday of June.
Today, there are 125 all-Ukrainian and more than 4,000 local youth public organizations in Ukraine. The Ministry of Youth and Sports of Ukraine takes care of the interests of youth at the state level. Not only for the Youth Day but for many years, but also for many years, the Ministry has implemented various state programs that promote the development of youth and young families.
In Belarus, effective youth policy is the priority of the state. In recent years, the number of youth media has increased. In addition, youth and children’s television programs are being created in Belarus.
The Youth Day is for people who do not just want fun, but are aware of their role in modern society.
June 26 marks the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking. The fight against drugs has been around for a hundred years. In Feb. 1909, the Shanghai Opium Commission, consisting of 13 countries, took place. The international community tried to find ways of restricting the import of narcotic substances from Asian countries. But even after century, humanity is far from solving this global problem.
This observance is celebrated since 1987. It symbolizes the unity of countries in achieving the goal of creating a drug-free society.
Every year, civilized countries are increasingly suffering from the import of drugs from failed states. The fight against illicit drug trafficking is one of the main areas of legal activity of international organizations.
The World Fishing Day is celebrated annually on June 27. It was established at the International Conference on Fisheries management and Development, held in Rome in July 1984. The decision was made due to the fact that fishing has been one of the most favorite entertainment of humanity for many centuries. This kind of communication with nature has attracted attention of millions of people around the world. Therefore, this holiday is a spiritual way of the connection of all people associated with fishing.
In addition, fishing is a sport that allows to strengthen spiritual and physical strength.
This holiday, of course, is celebrated in nature with a fishing rod. Many people regard this celebration as a professional holiday, because modern fishing and fish processing industry are very well-developed. The work of fishermen is indispensable and necessary for all humanity, because fishery products are one of the most beloved types of food. The Day of Fishing was established to pay tribute to the fishermen and employees of the entire fishing industry.
World Blood Donor Day is a fairly new holiday, celebrated by many countries. It was established under the auspices of the United Nations in May 2005 at the World Health Assembly in Geneva. It is currently celebrated on June 14. On this very day, in 1868, Carl Landsteiner, the Austrian physician, discovered blood groups.
This event was initiated by four international organizations that promote voluntary donation: the World Health Organization, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the International Federation of Blood Donor Organizations, and the International Society of Blood Transfusion.
The importance of this holiday is echoed with the undoubted importance of the donation itself. People of all ages with various serious illnesses need donated blood. Therefore, every donor who donates blood free of charge makes the invaluable contribution to the salvation of human lives.
This holiday is another chance for the international community to call on people to be responsible to each other and provide assistance to those in need.
Anthony of Padua is one of the most revered saints of the Catholics. Therefore, Anthony of Padua Feast Day, which is celebrated on June 13, is also considered a very important day in the lives of believers.
The relics of Anthony are a great spiritual value of this world. Thousands of people visit this shrine every day. The Saint is always depicted with the symbol of the Word of God: a book. Innocence and kindness are the qualities, for which people consecrated Anthony as a Saint. He dedicated his life to the healing of the sick and enlightenment of the ignorant.
This day is also full of good intentions. Warmth and goodness are considered the leitmotif of this church fete.
The Lord worked great wonders through Anthony, showing his power and mercy. At this time, his representation helps sinners find the right path, love God and find the truth in faith.
Contemporaries of Anthony honoured him for the great gift of eloquence and healing, for which he was consecrated as a Saint in 1232.
World Day Against Child Labor is observed annually on June 12. It was established by the decision of the International Labor Organization, which fights child labour at different levels.
The first events were held in 1997. Initially, they were held only in Oslo and Amsterdam, but later attracted the attention of the entire world community.
Global efforts to eliminate child labor are being made today by representatives from different countries. Under the auspices of the International Labor Organization, support and assistance is provided to children who have been victims of the misuse of their labor.
The organizers of this holiday outlined the realization of their immediate goals for 2016. Each year, different theme is chosen for this day. In particular, one of the last themes was the child labour in hazardous working conditions.
The day is mainly aimed at awakening the consciousness of the adult population, which is the main exploiter of children, especially in third world countries.
The Light Industry Workers Day is formally celebrated on the second Sunday of June. It was founded on Oct. 1, 1980, to honor all the specialists involved in light industry. They provide the production of clothing, consumer goods, clothing and textile products, etc.
Not only the current specialists of the industry, but also its veterans, who laid the foundation for the modern development of light industry, made it technologically advanced, safer and more diverse, are congratulated on this holiday.
The assortment of light industry enterprises is constantly expanding, and the quality of manufactured products is constantly increasing.
The World Wide Knit in Public Day is an informal international holiday celebrated annually on the second Saturday of June. It was founded by Danielle Landes from Paris, who in 2005 decided to dispel boredom and organized a Parisian knitting action in a public place. Since then, knitters from different countries are gathering on this day to boast of their skills and have a great time.
According to historians, knitting appeared more than four thousand years ago in Egypt. In the Middle Ages, this type of craft was mainly handled by men. True, knitting now is one of the most beloved women’s hobbies. As a rule, knitting is activity that requires privacy and full immersion in the process, but, on this day, masters of knitting can show their skills to the public and share experiences with like-minded people.
Traditions of the holiday are very simple. On this day, in different cities of the countries of the world, including Ukraine, knitters gather in some cozy city in the open air to do what they love to do. The activities are not limited by one day, because there is still a whole week of knitting in public. At this time, the masters are able to establish contacts, learn new secrets of the craft and knit many valuable things for their loved ones. The highlight of these days is the master classes for beginners, which are conducted by experienced knitters. Thus, this wonderful hobby engages more and more admirers.
Friends are the closest people to everyone, so, the National Best Friends Day, celebrated on June 8, can be considered a day of love for a friend. Friendship has long been considered as one of the highest human values. Many thinkers said that two friends have one soul for two. Today, it is often possible to hear that the material side of life long ago outweighed the spiritual, that is why friendship does not exist. However, you can prove the opposite by congratulating your close friend on this holiday.
Probably every person will have at least one friend who is a reliable support in various life situations. This person should definitely greet this holiday to express the warmest feelings and gratitude.
They say that there are not too many good friends. They are always a few or even one. But, perhaps, the soul cannot be divided into an infinite number of parts. Therefore, the friendship of the two can be called perfect: strong, loyal and lasting.
Congratulate your friend on this wonderful holiday!
The World Ocean Day is celebrated annually on June 8. Oceans occupy about 70% of the surface of the Earth.
The celebration of the Ocean Day is directly related to oceanologists: scientists involved in the study of the oceans, its existence and development. Its main goal is to actualize the problems of the modern ocean, which is exposed to various negative factors on a daily basis. As a result of pernicious human activities, many species of flora and fauna, inhabiting World Ocean, were on the brink of extinction. And, a number of representatives of the underwater world of the planet disappeared forever.
World Ocean Day is a way to publicize this issue. Oceanologists proposed this idea in 1992, when they held their profile conference in Rio de Janeiro.
This holiday is now being held even at the level of ordinary zoos.
The observation was established on May 25, 1994, by the decree of the President of Ukraine Leonid Kravchuk in support of the initiative of the delegates of the First All-Ukrainian Congress of editors of newspapers and magazines.
The date of the celebration is June 6. On June 6, 1992, National Union of Journalists of Ukraine joined the International Federation of Journalists.
The World Environment Day, which draws people’s attention to ecology every year on June 5, is organized under the auspices of the United Nations. The main purpose of the holiday is to stimulate the activity of the world community, aimed at preserving the balance in nature and environment.
The observation dates back to 1972. Then, for the first time, serious environmental problems were proclaimed to the world. Participants of the historic Stockholm Conference decided to establish this holiday to promote the idea of attentive attitude to nature.
The UN argues that only international cooperation could guarantee the further safe development of the planet.
It is also important to implement these ideas locally, so that every child who planted a tree or participated in the cleaning of the territory, can realize the importance of protection of environment.
The events of this holiday are held in most countries of the world, both at the state level and at the level of small groups, schools, yards, blocks.
On Aug. 19, 1982, at the emergency special session on the question of Palestine, the UN General Assembly, “appalled at the great number of innocent Palestinian and Lebanese children victims of Israel’s acts of aggression,” decided to commemorate June 4 of each year as the International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression.
Today, it is impossible not to mention the children who, as a result of Russian aggression, suffer in the area of Joint Forces Operation.
In Ukraine, the Day of Water Workers is celebrated annually on the first Sunday of June. It was established according to a presidential decree No. 226/2003, dated March 18, 2003.
The water resource management of Ukraine is closely linked to all branches of the national economy, and influences on the development and placement of productive forces. It is crucial for ensuring the necessary social and living conditions of the Ukrainian population.
Festa della Repubblica is the Italian National Day and Republic Day. It is celebrated every year on June 2 and is the main celebration in Rome.
This day is very significant for the Italians, because they were officially given the right to vote for the first time.
Children’s Day is a day recognized to celebrate children. It is observed in different countries of the world. In Ukraine, it is observed annually since June 1, 1998. International Child Protection Day is also celebrated on June 1.
Universal Children Day (Nov. 20) and the International Day of the African Child (June 16) are observations, that are also dedicated to children.
International Day of Protection of Rights of Persons with Disabilities is observed on May 5. Persons with disabilities are full-fledged members of society. However, their rights are often being violated. This should not remain unaddressed, because democratic society does not accept discrimination on any grounds.
In the USSR, persons with disabilities were unnoticed and ashamed of. Therefore, former republics of the Soviet Union who stepped on the path of independent development are only starting to learn how to understand and perceive persons with disabilities in a proper manner. This observation can be qualified as one of the ways to draw attention of the society to the existing problem.
According to official figures, approximately 2.5 million persons with disability status live in Ukraine. This number increases yearly. Therefore, one of the goals of this observation is providing conditions for the normal social fulfillment of persons with disabilities so that they can receive education, work and enjoy social benefits along with other members of society.
International Firefighters’ Day was established in 1999 to honor the memory of five firefighters who died in a wildfire in Australia.
The date was chosen in honor of St. Florian, the patron of firefighters, whose memory the Catholic Church recognizes on May 4.
On Dec. 2, 1998, a large wildfire occurred in Linton, Victoria, Australia. Local firefighters called for help. When five firefighters who were sent to help, drove into the fire zone, the wind suddenly changed direction. Their truck was engulfed in flames and all five firefighters were killed.
International Firefighters’ Day was established to honor the memory of this tragic event. On this day, people honor the memory of firefighters who died in the line of duty and show their gratitude and respect to those who risk their lives for saving others.
The symbol of the International Firefighters’ Day is the red and blue ribbon. The ribbon is cut five centimeters long and one centimeter wide, with the two separate colors conjoined at the top. Red color represents fire, blue color represents water. In addition, these colors are used by emergency services in many countries around the world.
International Firefighters’ Day is celebrated not only by firefighters, but everyone in the emergency services.
World Press Freedom Day is celebrated on May 3 since 1993. It was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in 1993. This decision was taken under the influence of UNESCO. At that time, UNESCO was actively engaged in defending the interests of a free and independent press, which is a significant part of the development of a democratic state. World Press Freedom Day is celebrated by all member states of UNESCO, giving their permission on free expression of opinions on any topics, including power.
Principles proclaimed by the organizers of the World Press Freedom Day are described in the text of the Windhoek Declaration. It has to ensure the observance of the rights of the independent press, the basis of pluralism, etc., on the international level.
Dozens of journalists are killed every year. Most of them are victims of assassinations, many die in conflict zones. Thus, one of the main ideas of the World Press Freedom Day is creating safe conditions for journalism.
Tuna can weigh more than 680 kg and reach a length of more than 4.5 m. The largest bluefin tuna ever caught by spinning was caught off Nova Scotia in 1979. The fish weighed 678.5 kg. In January 2001, fish, that weighed 200 kg, was sold on the Japanese fish market for $173,600. In 2012, 222 kg tuna, caught in Japan, was sold for a record amount of $1.76 million.
On Dec. 2016, the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/71/124 and invited all member states, UN System Organizations, other international and regional organizations and civil society, including non-governmental organizations, to celebrate the World Tuna Day on May 2.
International Workers’ Day, also known as Labour Day or Workers’ Day in some countries, is celebrated on May 1.
The origins of this celebration are tragic. In 1886, at least four civilians were killed during the mass protests, organized by the Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions of the United States and Canada in attempting to impose the eight-hour work day. The tragedy occurred in Chicago. A bomb exploded during the dispersal of the rally at Haymarket Square, killing 7 policemen and 4 protesters. Eight anarchists, who represented the working class, were arrested. Four anarchists were sentenced to death by hanging; two were sentenced to life in prison. One anarchist was sentenced to 15 years in prison; another anarchist, Louis Lingg, committed suicide before his scheduled execution. In 1889, the first congress of the Second International in Paris declared May 1 as Labour Day.
Since its beginning, every Labour Day has been a way of publicizing the social demands of the working class. This is the day of solidarity of those employees who are ready to go on demonstration to declare their rights and needs.
In the USSR, the Labour Day had a slightly different meaning. It was mostly used for propaganda. Visiting the rallies dedicated to Labour Day was the responsibility of each worker.
Jazz originated in the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as a synthesis of African and European cultures. Jazz remains the unique form of musical art that unites races, nationalities and erases borders between people and states.
International Dance Day is celebrated on April 29. This holiday unites all those who can not imagine their lives without dance. The celebration was established by the Dance Committee of the International Theatre Institute (ITI) and takes place every year on the anniversary of the birth of Jean-Georges Noverre, the creator of modern ballet.
World Day for Safety of Health at Work is celebrated on April 28. This event was established by the International Labour Organization to promote the idea of workplace health and safety in modern society. One of the main aspects of this idea is the reduction of the number of occupational fatalities.
Samuel Morse, an American inventor and painter, was born on April 27. He is famous for his contribution to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system and the Morse code.
The anniversary of the Chernobyl disaster is an important international memorial day. It is called the International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Radiation Accidents and Catastrophes.
Administrative Professionals’ Day is celebrated annually on the Wednesday of the last full week of April.
Key figures who created the holiday were the president of the National Secretaries Association, Mary Barrett, president of Dictaphone Corporation, C. King Woodbridge, public relations account executives at Young & Rubicam, Harry F. Klemfuss and Daren Ball. The holiday, originally known as National Secretaries’ Day, was firstly observed in 1952 on June 4. Later, its traditions crossed the ocean. The event was established as Administrative Professionals’ Day and moved to the last full week of April.
Today, this holiday is celebrated by all kinds of office employees: assistant managers, office managers, secretaries, administrative assistants and other administrative support professionals. All these people are united by one profession, which is one of the most demanded in the world.
In addition to the Administrative Professionals’ Day, many national holidays dedicated to the profession of secretary are also celebrated in many countries.
National DNA Day is celebrated on April 25. It commemorates the day in 1953, when James Watson, Francis Crick, Maurice Wilkins, Rosalind Franklin and their colleagues revealed double helix of DNA in the article “Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: a Structure for Desoxyribose Nucleic Acid”.
International Youth Solidarity Day is celebrated on April 24. This holiday appeared on the initiative of the World Federation of Democratic Youth in 1957 in order to draw attention of the media and state authorities to the problems of the younger generation.
Today, this event unites various public youth organizations, profile ministries, municipalities and active young people who want to live in a healthy and conscious society.
This day is aimed at creating favorable conditions for the self-realization of the younger generation. This applies both to the material and spiritual aspects of the lives of young people. In addition, the need to respect the rights of young people, to improve the quality of life of young families, to create special programs for improving the living conditions of young people and their professional development are mentioned within the framework of this event. The greatest expectations of the development of technical and intellectual potential are always put on the younger generation.
World Book and Copyright Day has been celebrated annually on April 23 since 1996.
This holiday aims to promote the enjoyment of books and reading. Each year, on April 23, celebrations take place all over the world to recognize the magical power of books: a link between the past and the future, a bridge between generations and across cultures. On this occasion, UNESCO and international organizations representing the three main sectors of the book industry: publishers, booksellers and libraries, choose a city that becomes the World Book Capital to maintain, through its own initiatives, the impetus of the Day’s celebrations until 23 April of the following year.
The main celebration takes place annually at UNESCO headquarters. Publishers, booksellers and artists are invited to share their passion for books and reading, to conduct typography, illustration, book engraving and book publishing workshops. UNESCO sincerely invites to nourish the books as a valuable tool for knowledge sharing, mutual understanding and openness in the world of diversity.
UN English Language Day is observed annually on April 23.
The event was established by the UN in 2010 to celebrate multilingualism and cultural diversity, as well as to promote the equal use of all six official languages of the UN.
23 April was chosen because it is the date traditionally observed as both the birthday and date of death of William Shakespeare.
Similar events are based on the other UN’s five official languages.
Earth Day is a large-scale event, aimed at raising awareness of the existing and future problems of our planet.
The International Mother Earth Day, celebrated on April 22, can be named the most global holiday on the Earth. It is supported by the United Nations and reminds that harmony with nature and the Earth is a key factor to achieve a just balance among the economic, social and environmental needs of present and future generations of humanity.
Astronomy Day was started in 1973 by Doug Berger, the president of the Astronomical Association of Northern California. Later, Berger proposed to create associations of astronomy enthusiasts.
The main idea of this event is to provide means of interaction between the general public and various astronomy enthusiasts, groups and professionals.
Chinese Language Day is observed annualy on April 20. The event was established in 2010 by UNESCO to pay tribute to Cangjie, a mythical figure who is presumed to have invented Chinese characters. It is believed that Cangjie was an official historian of the Yellow Emperor. He laid the foundation of Chinese characters by developing a series of pictograms. Later, they became widely used and replaced the traditional rope knot method.
This holiday was established in England in 1984. Snowdrops bloom from January to April, depending on the climatic zone. In England, these flowers bloom in the middle of April, so the holiday is celebrated on April 19. In Ukraine, these beautiful flowers bloom till March 21.
The International Day for Monuments and Sites is an international observance, held annually on April 18. The aim is to promote public awareness of the diversity of cultural heritage, their vulnerability and the efforts, required for their preservation for future generations.
On April 17, many countries join the World Federation of Hemophilia (WFH) and the World Health Organization (WHO) to participate in the World Hemophilia Day, an awareness day for hemophilia and other bleeding disorders.
On 16 April 1710, the Constitution of Pylyp Orlyk (Pacts and Constitutions of Rights and Freedoms of the Zaporizhian Host), the first written constitution in the world, was issued in the city of Bendery.
World Day of Culture was established in honour of the signing of the Treaty on the Protection of Artistic and Scientific Institutions and Historic Monuments, also known as Roerich Pact, in 1935.
On Sunday, 14 April 1912, British passenger liner Titanic collided with an iceberg. The ship was on its maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City. The impact with the iceberg produced a huge opening in Titanic’s hull, almost 100 meters in length. At 2:27 am on April 15, Titanic sank.
Titanic had an estimated 2,224 passengers and crew members on board. 1,517 of them were killed. Most of the survivors were women and children.
Sinking of the Titanic is one of the largest maritime disasters in history. In 1985, a joint US-French expedition discovered a sunken vessel at a distance of about 800 kilometers from Newfoundland.
World Rock-n-Roll Day is a holiday of people, for whom rock and roll has become not only music, but also style and a way of life.
International Day of Aviation and Cosmonautics was one the favorite holidays in the USSR. It is still celebrated on April 12, but its scale in the countries of the former Soviet Union has significantly decreased. Once, the April 12 symbolized the triumph of Soviet-era cosmonautics, the most important achievement of which was the space flight of Yuri Gagarin.
Today, this holiday is devoted to people who made a huge step in the development of space technology, launching satellites, developing spacecraft and sending it to research other space objects.
This day is carried out at the initiative of World Health Organization and aims to increase the public awareness about Parkinson’s disease, as well as to support parkinsonian patients and their families and contribute to overcoming this terrible illness.
Bright Tuesday is the third day of Easter Week. On Bright Tuesday people visit their relatives, friends and acquaintances. Besides, on this particular day girls can get back on boys for Water Plunged Monday.
Monday after Easter is called Water Plunged Monday. Ancient tradition requires the boys to pour water on girls.
Orthodox Easter is considered the greatest Christian holiday. On this day, the Son of God was resurrected from the dead.
Orthodox Easter is celebrated on the first Sunday after the spring full moon. Jesus was resurrected, so, on Easter it was agreed to greet people with the words “Christ is risen!” to which the other person answers “He is risen indeed!”
Orthodox Easter involves the sanctification of Easter cakes and colored eggs during the feast rite. Many countries are very fond of this celebration because it symbolizes life, hope and salvation.
Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary is celebrated on the 7th of April. It is a day that marks the conception of Christ and the beginning of atonement.
This celebration is associated with the story of the announcement by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary that she would conceive and become the mother of Jesus, the Son of God. From Church retellings it is known that Mary read the Book of Isaiah. The book mentioned the coming birth of the Messiah. Mary thought that she would be ready to serve the woman who will give birth to Christ.
Great Friday is an important date for Christians. It falls on the last Friday before the Orthodox Easter and symbolizes the martyrdom of Jesus. On Great Friday, the suffering of Jesus for the salvation of humanity is remembered by divine worships. Believers adhere to a strict fasting. They cannot work physically and attend entertainment events.
Orthodox Christians celebrate the Maundy (Holy) Thursday before Easter. This day is a reminder to humanity of the Last Supper, when Jesus called upon all his Apostles to manifest love and humility towards each other. He washed the Apostles’ feet and performed the ordinance of the Holy Communion.
One of the traditions of a celebration of the Maundy Thursday is the cleaning of the house from the garbage, accumulated in winter. Also, it is better to wake up before sunrise to swim. Swimming symbolizes absolution from sins.
Photo from prozoro.info website
Stray Animals Day is celebrated on April 4. It was initiated to show sympathy, take care, and act for stray animals all over our planet.
World celebrates the birthday of the barcode on April 3.
Barcode is a machine-readable representation of data. Traditional barcodes represent data by varying the widths and spacings of parallel lines. The data contains information about the product.
Barcode was invented by a young engineer David Collins.
In 1973, the Universal Product Code (UPC), which promotes the use of barcodes in commerce and industry, was established in the United States.
Since 1977, a similar system, called the European Article Numbering (EAN) is used for the identification of consumer goods in Western Europe.
Photo from knygadruk.blogspot website
International Children’s Book Day is celebrated on April 2. It is a yearly event, sponsored by the International Board on Books for Young People. Founded in 1967, the day is observed on or around Hans Christian Andersen’s birthday. This holiday emphasizes the extremely important role of the children’s books in shaping the spiritual and intellectual face of new generations.
April Fools’ Day (also called All Fools’ Day) is celebrated on April 1. There are many versions about the origin of this annual celebration. Some scholars claim that the holiday, known today as All Fools’ Day, was celebrated for the first time in England. Others believe that the it originated in France or Mexico.
Modern variation of the holiday is celebrated by performing practical jokes on each other and comedy performances. Usually, festivals celebrating humor are organized on this day. The most famous among them is Humorina, the annual festival of humour, held in Odesa, Ukraine.
The World Theatre Day is an international day to honour theatre as a cultural heritage and pay tribute to all theatre workers including stage directors, actors, stage designers, ticket collectors etc.
The World Poetry Day is celebrated on March 21. It was declared by the decision of the 30th session of UNESCO in 1999.
It was first celebrated on March 21, 2000.
International Women’s Day is annually celebrated on March 8.
It was initiated as a proletarian feminist International Working Women’s Day. First, it was a political holiday. It is common for the countries of the former Soviet Union.
It was first celebrated in 1909 in the United States on the initiative of the Socialist Party of America. During the 20th century, the Soviet Union and the socialist countries celebrated it as a state holiday.
In 1977, on the initiative of the Soviet Union, by the United Nations’ decision it was recognized as an international day; it was officially named as the International Day for the Fighting Women’s Rights and International Peace.
The day became a symbol of feminism and antisexism. In some countries where this holidayis celebrated, women receive gifts and flowers. Most feminists, however, find this gesture inappropriate, because they believe that this day should turn attention to sexual equality.
Some countries celebrate this day similar to the West European Mother’s Day and Valentine’s Day. Some leaders of the Orthodox Church and religious communities do not recognize this holiday for its political background.
February 28 annually marks the World Rare Disease Day. Its goal is to raise awareness for rare diseases, their impact on patients’ lives in all aspects, to identify rare diseases as one of the priorities for the health system, to draw attention to the development of research needed for safe and effective therapy and treatment of rare diseases. The day aims at showing that, despite the scarcity of such patients, they have the right to medical care, education, access to public life. It also aims at raising awareness of rare diseases and improving access to medicines needed for treatment of rare diseases.
On February 27, 1494, the Great Lithuanian prince Alexander granted Magdeburg Law to Kyiv, which provided Kyiv with the status of self-government.
Magdeburg Law was the most widespread legal system of local self-government in medieval Central Europe.
On February 26, 1994, at the XVII Olympic Winter Games in Lillehammer (Norway), a 16-year-old figure skater Oksana Baiul became the first Olympic champion in the history of independent Ukraine.
Oksana is considered the youngest Ukrainian Olympic champion.
The Ukrainian woman has long been living in the United States, but her national consciousness encouraged her to voice support for her compatriots during the Revolution of Dignity.
On February 25, Ukrainian Armed Forces’ Aviation Engineering Service day is marked. The holidau was established to maintain the prestige of the service, to mobilize engineering and technical staff, to continue the aviation tradition and to improve the military-patriotic education of the military and youth.
On February 24, 1881, construction of the Panama Canal started. It became one of the most challenging construction projects in the history.
The Panama Canal made it possible to shorten the sea route from New York City to San Francisco from 22.5 thousand km to 9.5 thousand km.
On February 23, 1878, an abstract art painter and the author of “Black Square” painting Kazimir Malevich was born in Kyiv. Malevich is the founder of Suprematism, one of the first abstract art movements in the modern history.
February 22 marks International Day for Victims of Crime. It has been marked since 1990, when the UK government published “The Charter for Victims of Crime”.
Social rehabilitation of victims of crime is one of the key problems in the modern society. This day also aims at providing the victims with compensation for material and non-pecuniary damage.
International Mother Language Day is celebrated every year on February 21, starting from 2000. The main purpose of celebrating this day is to promote the awareness of language and cultural diversity. It was first announced in the 30th session of the UNESCO General Conference held on October, 26 -November 17, 1999 in Paris.
About half of the 6,000 languages spoken in the world are under threat, UNESCO supports languages, as they are for the cultural identity of people. In addition, the organization believes that studying foreign languages and multilingualism are the ways to mutual understanding and mutual respect.
The annual celebration of this day aims at drawing attention to minorities with fewer than 10,000 people who actively speak their native language. Often these languages are not transmitted to the next generation and fall into oblivion. Many languages spoken by fewer than 100 people are not documented.
On February, 20, Ukraine honours the memory of those who heroically died in the struggle against the Yanukovych’s authoritarian regime and marks Heavenly Hundred Heroes Day.
This memorable date was set by the decree of Ukraine’s President Petro Poroshenko on February, 11, 2015.
At this day, commemorative events are held in many cities of Ukraine. In Kyiv, flowers are laid to the Alley of the Heroes of Heavenly Hundred. An ancient Lemko song “Plyve Kacha” (The Duck is Floating “) performed by Pikkardiyska Tertsiya band became an unofficial anthem of the “Heavenly Hundred”.
On February 19, 2018, the Great Lent starts. It prepares Christians to meet the Resurrection of Christ (Easter).
The Great Lent begins seven weeks before Easter and consists of the forty day fast and Holy Week, a week before Easter. It’s the time of repentance, reflections and prayers. During the Great Lent, the Christian church calls on believers to avoid eating meat, milk, eggs, and fish.
On February, 18, the Church honours the Holy Theodosius, Archbishop of Chernihiv.
Having become an archbishop, Saint Theodosius was involved in strengthening Orthodoxy: under his leadership new monasteries and temples were built, the level of education and piety of future priests were controlled. Much attention was paid to Chernihiv spiritual schools.
By the way, according to weather lore, if this day is frosty, then spring will be warm and summer will be dry and hot.
On February, 17, Europe celebrates the World Cat Day. The day was initiated by the Italian journalist Claudio Angeletti. This national and public day has been celebrated since 1992. February is ruled by Aquarius characterized as the sign of free and independent spirits in the Italian cultural tradition, that’s why the holiday is marked in this month.
On February 16, 1813, Ukrainian and Russian opera singer (baritone), playwright, composer, actor and dramatist Semen Hulak-Artemovsky was born in the town of Horodyshche. He was the author of one of the first opera with Ukrainian-language libretto – “A Zaporozhian (Cossack) Beyond the Danube”
He laid the foundations for Ukrainian classical opera. Also, Hulak-Artemovsky was the author for such songs as “Sycamore is Standing over Water” and “I Don’t Want to Sleep”.
The Presentation of the Lord, or the Meeting of Our Lord Jesus Christ, the Latin Præsentatio Jesu in Templo, is one of the greatest Christian holidays celebrated on the 40th day after Christmas, on February 2 (15).
St. Valentine’s Day is annually celebrated on February 14. Its name comes from St. Valentine remembered by the Catholic Church in this day liturgy. An important attribute of the day is a Valentine’s Day card with declaration of love.
It is believed that the first Valentine’s Day card was made by Charles, the Duke of Orleans. He sent it to his wife, when he was imprisoned in the London Tower after the Battle of Azenkur. A few years later, King Henry V requested a writer to make a valentine’s card for Catherine of Valois.
On February 13, radio fans and radio companies from all over the world celebrate their professional holiday – the World Radio Day.
The day was initiated by Spain, and was finally approved by UNESCO on November 3, 2011.
February 12, or January 30 by the old style, the Orthodox world celebrates the cathedral feast of the Three Holy Fathers. This day honours the memory of the three prominent hierarchs and preachers of the Eastern Christian church, namely, Basil the Great, Gregory the Theologian and John Chrysostom.
The feast’s main significance is to show believers that conciliarity and serving each other are fundamental principles of the Christian faith. The doctrine emphasizes that all are equal before God and there are no more or less important people.
February 11 marks the World Day of the Sick. This day is an evidence of community’s support of all people affected by various diseases.
This day was instituted by Pope St. John Paul II. According to him, its goal is providing better care for the sick throughout the world and helping the weak, who need to relieve their suffering.
This day is marked on February, 11, because on this day in Lourdes (France) people watched the Marian apparition. The Virgin Mary healed those who suffered, after that she became known as the savior of the sick.
On February 10, 1810, the solemn opening of the Odesa Opera and Ballet Theatre took place. The one-act opera “New Family” by Frelich and the vaudeville “Mourning, or the Consoled Widow” presented by Porfiriy Fortunatov’s troupe were the first performances.
It’s the oldest opera house in Ukraine, as well as the best theatre in Odesa and Ukraine at the time of its construction.
The composers P .Tchaikovsky, M. Rimsky-Korsakov, S.Rakhmaninov, the singers Enrico Caruso, Fedor Shaliapin, Solomia Krushelnytska, the dancers Anna Pavlova and Isidora Duncan worked in the theatre
Aleksandr Pushkin wrote about the Odesa theatre in his novel “Yevgeniy Onegin.”
February 9 has become a recognized professional holiday of dentists. This day marks the World Dentist’s Day.
Celebration of the Dentist’s Day is associated with Apollonia Virgin, who died as a martyr on February, 9, 249 A.D. In 300 A.D., Apollonia was canonized as a holy martyr.
Apollonia who believed in Christ, was subjected to cruel torture and was forced to renounce Christianity, the woman‘s teeth were pulled out and she was threatened to burn alive. Apollonia asked to untie her and rushed to the fire. Her suffering impressed her contemporaries and descendants so that the legend appeared that you can get rid of the toothache by saying the name of Apollonia.
On February 8, 1921, the state steppe reserve “Askania-Nova” was founded in Kherson region. Askania-Nova Private Reserve first appeared in 1898. It was established by the Prussian colonist Friedrich Falz-Fein.
In 1921, the Council of People’s Commissars of the Ukrainian SSR declared Askania-Nova the State steppe reserve of the Ukrainian SSR. Askania-Nova was tasked with preserving and studying the nature of the virgin steppe, as well as acclimatizing and studying more species of animals and plants of national economic significance. A scientific steppe station, zoological station and other scientific institutions were created within Askania-Nova. The zoo and botanical garden were expanded.
Currently, the reserve includes protected steppe zone, acclimatization zoo and arboretum.
On February 7, 1483, the book “Prognostic Assessment of the Current 1483” written by Doctor of Arts and Medicine of the University of Bologna, Ukrainian Yuriy Drohobych, was published in the Rome Eucharius Zilber (Frank) print house.
It was an astrological pamphlet. It started with Drohobych’s poetic dedication to the Pope Sixtus IV. The author was concerned about the fate of the human race, he praised intelligence which gave people “mighty power”.
Drohobych’s treatise included information of various natural sciences. For example, the time of two future lunar eclipses and phases of the moon were determined with accuracy up to an hour and a minute, certain indications of the visible movement of the planets were given there.
February 6 marks the Day of Bartenders (in honour of St. Amanda). It became a professional holiday for bartenders and restaurant workers in many countries.
St. Amanda was the patron saint of winemakers and brewers, bar and restaurant owners, and bartenders. St. Amanda was known for the evangelization of the wine regions of France, Germany, and Flanders.
On February 5, 1952, New York City became the first city in the world to start using three-coloured traffic lights.
The first automatic street traffic system without direct human involvement was developed and patented by Earnest Sirrine from Chicago in 1910. His system used the words Stop and Proceed, but did not light up. The first electric traffic light was invented by Lester Wire of Utah. In 1912 he developed (but not patented) a traffic light with two round electric signals of red and green colours.
On February 4, the World Cancer Day is marked. It was proclaimed by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC).
Its goal is to raise awareness of cancer as the most terrible disease of modern civilization, to draw attention to the prevention, detection and treatment of this disease, to urge politicians and organizations to treat cancer as a political priority.
In 2016-18, the World Cancer Day is marked under the slogan “We can. I can.”
On February 3, 1966, the unmanned Soviet Luna 9 spacecraft made soft landing on the Moon for the first time, and the first photographs from its surface were passed. The landing occurred at 18:45:30 UT in the western part of the Oceanus Procellarum, north-east of the Cavalier Crater.
In honour of this event, that small plot was called the Plain of Landing in 1970.
On February 2, Christians of the Western rite celebrate the Feast of the Presentation of the Lord. It is celebrated in honour of the meeting Child Jesus with righteous elder Simeon in the Jerusalem Temple and symbolizes the purification of Virgin Mary on the 40th day from the birth of Christ.
This event is described by evangelist Luke. According to him, when parents brought little Christ to the temple for sanctifying, at the door they were welcomed by holy Simeon who had a special revelation that he would not die before he had seen Christ.
In the Roman Catholic tradition, this feast is called Candlemas (Chandeleur), which means enlightenment. It symbolizes the purification of Virgin Mary. That is why in the western tradition, unlike the eastern, this feast belongs to the Theotokos. The attention is focused not on the meeting with Simeon, but on the words said by him “Jesus is salvation, the light to lighten the gentiles.”
The Feast of the Presentation of the Lord also symbolizes the end of the Christmas holidays and the meeting of spring.
Annually, on February 1, the United States celebrates the National Freedom Day. The holiday was initiated in connection with the fateful event in the history of the country in 1865: the Congress resolution on the introduction of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States on the abolition of slavery was signed by the U.S. President Abraham Lincoln.
The holiday is national, so it is celebrated in all states.