Excavations in Komariv, Archaeologists Preserve Roman-Times Structure
The archeological site dates to the 3rd-4th century
Photo BBC Ukraine/Oleh Petrauskas
Archaeologists buried a site located in the territory of a Roman glass-producing settlement from 3-4 AD to protect it until representatives from museum could catalog the site which is located in Chernivtsi Region, Western Ukraine.
This was reported by BBC Ukraine, with reference to the members of the expedition.
“The conservation that we have done will be most effective to protect the stone structure from destruction where it can be preserved in its current state for a year or for a hundred years. No one will open it again in the near future, we will explore the area around the structures,” researcher in the Department for Archeology of Early Slavs of the Institute of Archeology, Mariana Avramenko, said to the BBC correspondent.
The complex of findings, the total territory of which is 35 hectares, is called The Production Factory of Barbaric Europe of the Late Roman Times. The unique craftsmen settlement was discovered in the 1950s. Since then, several expeditions conducted excavations there in the 1950s and 1970s. Then the excavation was resumed in 2012. Residential and industrial buildings and even burial places of Chernyakhov culture were found at the site. But the main find was the glass production.
The glass-melting furnace was found in 1962, and in 2017 the waste pit with the remains of glass was found. Bricks, tiles, and glass were made here.
The structure with the stone-built foundation, discovered by one the first expeditions and found again in 2019, is a sample of late Roman architecture of the 3rd and 4th centuries. The purpose of the structure still remains a scientific mystery. According to the Head of the Department for Early Slavs Archeology, Oleh Petrauskas, the structure could be either a glass processing workshop, a temple, or a piece of fortification.
“There is a lot behind this stonework. It was made according to ancient models, the closest of which are located 300-400 km from Komarov,” Mariana Avramenko said as quoted by the BBC.
Its uniqueness, as well as the whole glass producing complex, is that such complexes are not found anywhere else in the territories of Chernyakhov culture (Sântana de Mureș culture). And in all the territory from London to the Urals, the stone foundations were made by the Germans in the north of Europe and the Romans. According to one of the hypotheses, the settlement was founded by the Romans, who crossed the Limes — the border between the Roman and barbarian territories along the Danube and Dniester rivers — and settled near the trading hubs along the rivers.
Each year, about 30 participants pass through the archeological dig near Komarov. The work of archeologists continues.