OSCEPA Adopts Luxembourg Declaration
The Luxembourg Declaration particularly notes that the obligations under the Minsk Agreements have not been fulfilled by the Russian Federation
Following five days of work at the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly’s Annual Session in Luxembourg, the parliamentarians adopted the Luxembourg Declaration by a vote of 94-7, with 11 abstentions, the press service of OSCEPA reported.
The theme of the Annual Session was “Advancing Sustainable Development to Promote Security: The Role of Parliaments.”
The Declaration emphasizes parliaments and governments of OSCE countries to facilitate ratification of the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change and fulfill their obligations to limit greenhouse gas emissions. It welcomes the adoption of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration and the Global Compact on Refugees.
It regrets the collapse of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Weapons Treaty, particularly about the Russian Federation’s material breach of its obligations, resulting in the collapse of the INF Treaty regime.
Urging a cessation of hostilities in eastern Ukraine, the Declaration calls for “the full withdrawal of heavy-caliber weaponry by both sides, an immediate end to the use of landmines and greater investment in demining efforts, the de-occupation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, the withdrawal of Russian military forces from Ukrainian territory, and a comprehensive settlement based on full implementation of the Minsk Agreements, in particular the obligations under the Minsk Agreements which have not been fulfilled by the Russian Federation.”
According to the deputy member of the Ukrainian delegation to the OSCEPA, Sergey Vysotsky, the last clause, particularly mentioning Russia’s non-compliance with Minsk Agreements faced with a strange reaction of one of the members of the Swiss delegation, attempting to divert the amendment. Finally, Ukrainians managed to withstand the amendment, Vysotsky wrote.
“Russian members were trying to sabotage the meeting. They were talking about the lack of quorum. The spicy bit of the situation is that only one member of the Russian delegation out of nine was present at the meeting. So this was they, who disrupted the quorum of the Assembly, protesting the quorum disruption simultaneously. Such provocative behavior has faced condemnation among almost all delegations,” Vysotsky wrote on his Facebook page.
The Declaration also encourages the leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan to intensify their dialogue in the context of the mediation led by the OSCE Minsk Group Co-Chairs and to take “specific and tangible measures to reach a peaceful solution to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.”
The Declaration also “recogniz[es] the essential role of parliaments in advancing sustainable development and security by adopting relevant legislation, providing oversight, ratifying treaties, approving budgets and setting agendas that prioritize the need to comply with international commitments.” It further urges parliaments to develop legislation with the aim of combating corruption, improving migration governance, and fighting organized crime.
It calls on OSCE countries “to place promotion and protection of human rights at the center of their domestic as well as their foreign policy agendas” and encourages governments, parliaments, judicial bodies and national human rights institutions to consider requesting that the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights prepare legal reviews of laws and draft laws to ensure compliance with OSCE commitments.
Condemning all forms of terrorism and extremist violence, the Declaration calls on parliaments and governments to respond effectively to challenges stemming from returning and relocating terrorist fighters (FTFs), including by developing gender- and age-sensitive responses that reflect the varying roles of women and children as FTFs and family members of FTFs.
It recommends carbon pricing to account for the environmental harm of CO2 emissions and leverage economic incentives to move towards clean energy.
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