Ukrainian Parliamentary Election Today
In total 424 deputies will be elected to the Verkhovna Rada
The snap Parliamentary elections are being held in Ukraine today (July 21).
They were announced after the sixth President of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelensky, took office. On May 20, during his inauguration speech in parliament, he announced the dissolution of the 8th convocation of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.
On the very next day – after consulting with the leaders of parliamentary factions – the President signed a decree on the dissolution of the Verkhovna Rada and set the day for the snap election.
According to the President, the legal basis for this was the absence of a parliamentary coalition since 2016, as well as a low level of citizen trust in the institution. A survey held by the Razumkov Center in February showed that the level of Ukrainians’ confidence in the parliament did not exceed 12 percent. Their colleagues from the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology conducted their own survey in December. Their result was 8 percent.
According to the Constitution, snap parliamentary elections are held within sixty days from the date of publication of the decision on early dissolution of the Parliament.
The current legislation on Elections in Ukraine states that the Parliament is elected:
1. using a mixed electoral system – half of the candidates are chosen from the closed party lists, the other half – from constituencies
2. The entry barrier is 5 percent of the votes
3. The Parliament consists of 450 MPs
However, back in 2014, after Russia annexed Crimea and began its aggression in eastern Ukraine, part of the single-member districts were occupied. These are:
-10 districts in Crimea and two – in Sevastopol
– 9 districts in the Donetsk region
– 6 districts in the Luhansk region
In 2019, 424 deputies will be elected to the Verkhovna Rada.
The number of registered candidates is hundreds of times more – 5,966. There are 22 parties running for parliament in the nationwide multi-member constituency. They have 2,746 people on their lists. As for 199 single-member districts – ,3083 candidates are running there:
– 1,404 people were nominated by political parties
– 1,679 persons are self-nominees
On average, there are 13 candidates per seat.
The numbers on the list were determined by drawing lots.
Ballot papers for single-member constituencies differ depending on the number of candidates:
up to 6 candidates – 20 by 20 cm
up to 11 candidates – 20 by 30 cm
up to 18 candidates – 20 by 40 cm
up to 33 candidates – 20 by 60 cm
up to 50 candidates – 20 by 80 cm
and the longest
up to 60 candidates – 20 by 90 cm
The shortest list – in a constituency is in the city of Khmelnytsky – featuring five candidates. The longest one consists of 46 names.
In single-member districts, the candidate who receives the most votes wins. If two candidates get the same amount of votes a second round of voting is held. It should take place no later than two weeks after the Central Election Commission decides that the second round is necessary.
The Central Election Commission needs to announce the official results of the election no later than on the 15th day since the voting – by Aug. 5. By Aug. 10, the results should be published in the official press.
According to the Constitution, the Parliament should hold its first session no later than on the 30th day after the results of the election are officially announced – which is by Sep. 9, 2019.
However, according to the president’s party, it’s planned to hold the session in August. It may take place on August 24 and be dedicated to Ukraine’s Independence Day.